Origin of Jainism in Kerala

Origin of Jainism in Kerala


It is believed that Jainism came to Kerala in the third century BC . If we study more precisely soon after the ruleof  Chandragupta Maurya (B.C. 321-297), accompanied by the Jain monkBhadrabahu, travelled to Shravanabelagola near Mysore,Karnataka . Their followers are believed to have journeyed further south to Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The main aim was in search of suitable places for meditation.            


In the beginning of Christian era, Jainism was well established in Kerala. Ilango Adigal, author of the Tamil epic Silappadikaram, was among the notable royal patrons of the Jain religion in Kerala who , lived in Trikkanaa-Mathilakam which attained fame as a centre of Jain culture and learning in the South

Jainism started its decline during the 8th century resurgence of the Saivite and Vaishnavite movements, and by the 16th century it had almost disappeared. Some Jain shrines from these times still remain, notably in Jainamedu, near Vadakkanthara, Palghat, and in Sultan Battery in Wynad. it is believed that, many Jain temples were also demolished during Tipu Sultan's raid. 


There were many Jain temples spread over Kerala in ancient times. Koodalmanikyam Temple in Irinjalakuda is believed to have been among them. The belief is that it was dedicated to Bharatheswara, a Digambar Jain monk (his statue can be seen in Shravanabelagola). Jainism declined in popularity in Kerala during the Saivite and 


The temple at Kallil, in Perumbavoor, was believed to have been a Jain shrine Vaishnavite resurgence, and many Jain shrines, among them Koodalmanikkyam, became Hindu temples 


The temple at Kallil, in Perumbavoor, was believed to have been a Jain temple of Parsvanath,Mahaviran, and Padmavathi Devi. Now it is a Hindu shrine dedicated to Devi, but Jain pilgrims also pray there.


The temple architecture of Kerala owes much to Jain Vaasthu Silpa, Among the present-day temples are:


Shri Vasupujya Swami Jain Temple, Srinivasa Mallan Road, Ernakulam


Shri Dharmanath Prabhu Jain Temple, Mattancherry, Kochi


Shri Anantnath Swami Temple, Puliyarmala, Kalpetta, Wayanad


Sulthan Bathery, Wayanad 

 

 Jain Temple , dedicated to Shri Dharmanath, the 15th Jain Tirthankar at Cochin

The Jain temple complex , sprawled over a large area with various blocksconstructed for prayers and as places for offerings, with an inspiration by the Jain temples of Gujarat. It is built in 1960. 

Jain Temple In Kochi 

Address: Gujarati Road, Kochi (Cochin) 682 002, India

Phone Number: - 484 222 4802